Popular Swords that Made History June 25 2015
Swords are made with different materials for over centuries for only one purpose and that is for thrusting. Back on those days, swords are the primary weapon by many with varieties of tools and techniques on thrusting. Generally, there are four keys of criteria when assessing a sword and these are the durability, balance, flexibility, and most importantly its strength.
A fine sword has to be hard enough able to use in combat. Its mass has to be frivolous and flexible enough for counter attacks and massive shocks. Early swords were made from bronze and copper. Blacksmiths created and developed different parts of sword harder due to demand. The bronze swords were made not by forging but by casting. Casting involved polishing and decorative elements that were especially made for nobles, kings and lords. In the early Roman Gladius era the development of sword made from steel arose. Below are some of the most famous swords that have been in the world history.
The Japanese Katana
Japanese Katana was developed by Japanese smiths from iron sand together with the help of phosphorus and sulfur heated with carbons. This allows the sword to have its strength and capable of stopping blows.Japanese Katana were used by swordsmen called the Samurais.
Samurais are the Japanese militarily nobility especially during the Meiji period. The use of katanas are still in practice until today but no longer used for thrusting but for honoring, rituals, traditional customs by the Japanese and ceremonies such as tea ceremony, ink painting, and poetry.
The French Sabre
Saber or Sabre is a single edges curved bladed sword that was first developed during the medieval period in the 12th century. The Sabre is one of the most extensive primary weapons in military operation in the early 19th century. But, it was popularized by the cavalry of the great Napoleon called the Hussars.
The Hussars are horsemen trained in short range combat. They made great effect during those wars against their enemy. Shorter versions of sabers were developed for melee attacks and dismounted units. After the French Revolution, Napoleon visited few aristocrats in most part of Europe and this is where champagne sabering or sabrage was introduced and became popular.
Ever since then when Napoleon together with his brave men the Hussars wins the battle against their enemy, they celebrated their triumphs drinking champagnes. Since, saber is their primary weapon, they figured out that it would be nice to uncork the bottle using their weapon. Sabre began to vanish due to the development of riffles. These days, sabers are still available but no longer for melee attacks but as collection especially by champagne or wine enthusiast.
These days, swords are still being made by many modern bladesmiths and artisans. Champagne sabres are available but you’ll notice that the blade is blunt since when executing sabrage it does not require sharp edge. Champagne swords were made for uncorking and no longer for cutting. Also champagne sabers are associated with wine and champagne collection. While other swords such as the Japanese katana and the double-edged swords are still manufactured today that brings greater profits by collectors.